1. State laws criminalizing threats include Ala. Code [new], Acts 2000, Act 807; Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. 13-1202; Ark. Code Ann. 5-13-301; Cal. Penal Code 422; Colo. Rev. Stat. 18-3-206 (menacing), 18-9-106 (1)(b) (disorderly conduct); Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. 53a-62, 181 (d); Del. Code Ann. tit. 11 621; D.C. Code Ann. 22-504 (a); Fla. Stat. Ann. 836.05 (verbal threats), 836.10 (written threats); Ga. Code Ann. 16-11-37; Haw. Rev. Stat. 707-716; 720 ILCS 5/12-6; Ind. Code Ann. 35-45-2-1; Kan. Stat. Ann. 21-3419; Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. 508.050, 525.060 (1)(a); La. Rev. Stat. Ann. 14:40.1; Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 17-A 209, 210; Md. Ann. Code art. 27 562; Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 275 1 et seq.(maintaining peace); Minn. Stat. Ann. 609.27; Mo. Rev. Stat. 574.010.1 (c); Mont. Code Ann. 45-5-203; Neb. Rev. Stat. 28.311.01; N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. 631:4; N.J. Stat. Ann. 2C:12-3; N.Y. Penal Law 120.14 (1); N.C. Gen. Stat. 14-277.1; N.D. Cent. Code 12.1-17-04; Ohio Rev. Code Ann. 2903.21, .22; Okla. Stat. tit. 21 1362; Or. Rev. Stat. 166.155; 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. 2706; Tex. Penal Code Ann. 22.07; Utah Code Ann. 76-5-107; Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13 1026, 1701; Wash. Rev. Code Ann. 9A.46.020; Wis. Stat. Ann. 943.30. In many states, threats may be alternatively punished as common law assault. See, e.g., 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. 2701 (a)(3); Tenn. Code Ann. 39-13-101 (a)(2).