Alternative sanctions are correctional options that fall between probation and prison. They may also be additions to an existing sanction rather than a substitute. In this project, ILJ arranged a variety of focus groups among prosecutors and public defenders, with the purpose of collecting their viewpoints in relation to intermediate sanctions. Afterward, ILJ broadly disseminated information and case studies among these two professional groups to improve the use of these criminal justice system options. The case studies illustrated connections to punishment goals and cost-effectiveness.