With the Community Research Center in Champaign, Illinois, ILJ staff participated in a study for the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. The study, mandated by Congress, focused on state and local efforts to remove juveniles from adult jails. It assessed these efforts in three major areas: population, costs, and ramifications. A survey of the 50 states was completed; the survey examined the experiences of each state with respect to removal. In addition, ILJ developed cost models for a range of alternative programs in order to inform future policy on achieving removal. Considered alternatives included secure juvenile detention, community residential care (e.g., group homes, shelter care), and community supervision (e.g., home detention, foster care, intensive supervision). ILJ collected client, program, and operational cost data from over 100 alternative providers across the nation in the course of developing the models.